The province with its capital city named Mamuju is a province that is relatively new in Indonesia. It was only in 2004 that West Sulawesi officially became a province. West Sulawesi is a new province resulting from the expansion of South Sulawesi. Like other regions in Indonesia, West Sulawesi also has their own unique arts. Apart from dance and music, of course, this new province has its own unique traditional musical instruments. This type of traditional musical instrument of West Sulawesi is the same as that of its neighboring provinces.
For example, like South Sulawesi Province, which used to be its parent province? Or maybe North Sulawesi Province? Come on, find the answer info in the article below.
7 Traditional Musical Instruments of West Sulawesi
Rebana is a traditional musical instrument for the people of West Sulawesi. This instrument belongs to the Membrapon musical instrument. Is that a Membrapon instrument? So, Membrapon is a musical instrument that makes skin or a thin membrane stretched for the sound source.
This musical instrument from West Sulawesi Province is played by being beaten. In the Mandar language, Rebana has the meaning of riskana. This musical instrument is a combination of Arabic culture and Mandar culture. Not only West Sulawesi, there are also other areas that use tambourines in musical performances.
If Rebana belongs to the Membrapon musical instrument which is sounded by being hit, Pa’Pompang is a type of wind instrument. Generally this type of musical instrument is made of bamboo. The musical instrument Pompang makes a sound with a sound rating of 2 ½ octaves on the sound scale.
Pumpang is a musical instrument made by combining large and small pieces of bamboo. Bamboo with a high and large cut will emit a low sound. Conversely, a small bamboo will make a high sound.
3. Harp Mandar
We can find lute musical instruments in a number of areas in Indonesia, for example, West Java. Not only on the island of Java, harps can also be found on the island of Sulawesi. One of the provinces in Sulawesi that has a lute is West Sulawesi Province.
The lute musical instrument owned by the people of West Sulawesi is called the Mandar lute musical instrument. But for the local people they call Kecapi Tobaine. Unfortunately, this lute is hard to find. Not only that, only a few people can play this instrument.
This Tobaine lute game is not taught in a broad way, it is only passed down from generation to generation, so it’s not surprising that not many people can play this instrument. Usually people who are good at playing this instrument can fill in for a specific event.
Also known as Keke, Pakkeke is another musical instrument from the Province of West Sulawesi. This musical instrument is a traditional musical instrument originally from Mandar which is part of West Sulawesi Province.
Not only has a unique shape, this musical instrument whose name is Pakkeke has certain characteristics in terms of sound. Bamboo is the material used to make this instrument. Bamboo is taken which is small in size with ends wrapped in dry coconut leaves for sound effects.
At first glance it sounds like Calung, a musical instrument from the West Java region made of bamboo. Apparently this musical instrument that uses bamboo blades interchangeably is owned by residents of West Sulawesi and they call it Calong. This instrument also belongs to the type of percussion instrument.
Bamboo which has the best quality of coconut fruit is believed to be an important material in Calong production. The bamboo blades are then processed by making them strong on the coconut and which have been made like a bowl.
Calong, which is a percussion instrument, should not be played by some people. Supposedly this instrument was only performed individually or solo, but because music is getting more advanced, this instrument is often performed en masse.
This musical instrument from West Sulawesi seems to have a resemblance to a musical instrument called Popondi from South Sulawesi. Popondo is said to be a Tolindo musical instrument, which is a single-stringed instrument and a coconut shell is the resonator for this musical instrument.
Popondo is played by some teenagers after the farmers make a harvest celebration. This musical instrument game is carried out to fill their spare time. The materials for making Popondo are wood, strings and coconut shells.
The word Tolindo itself is originally from Bugis while Popondi is a nickname that is known in the Makassar area. The shape of Popondi or Tolindo is similar to the head of a buffalo or cow resting on a coconut shell. At the end of the top side of the header is attached a string.
This traditional musical instrument from West Sulawesi is called Sattung. Sattung is a type of stringed musical instrument made of bamboo. Bamboo that has a long border will produce good sattung. The bamboo must be dried first and then cut according to the boundaries.
By trimming according to the boundaries of the bamboo, the bamboo bones can continue to stick together so they don’t look hollow. Furthermore, the ends of the bamboo are tied so that there is no damage when the bamboo skin is gouged about 2 to 3 times.
In ancient times, sattung was played during free time to provide entertainment. Currently the sattung instrument is used for musical instruments used during the inauguration ceremony of the king. Now the role of sattung is no longer what it used to be but only for musical instruments that complement attractions.
Those are some types of traditional musical instruments typical of West Sulawesi, some of which still exist today. It is appropriate for the cultural heritage of our ancestors to be guarded by our younger generations. So that its presence is still valuable and so that it doesn’t get lost in the times.